Importance of fire doors & why we need them?

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Importance of fire door

Fire doors are different from other doors. Heavy materials including metal, gypsum, wood, steel, and aluminum are used to make this door. This door is specially designed to save life from fire. If a hospital, flat, or cinema hall fire breaks and smoke spreads then this door protects you for 2hr.

Types of fire door

FD 30-minute fire protection door (this door saves you from fire for 30 minutes)

FD 1hr fire protection door (this door saves you from fire 1hr)

FD 2hr fire rated door (this door saves you from fire 2hr)

FD 120 minutes fire rated door (this door saves you from a fire for 120 minutes)

How Do Fire Doors Work?

Fire doors have some strong features that make them effective and durable:

1. Tough Construction: Fire doors are built super tough to handle the intense heat of a fire. They can be made of materials like steel, glass, and wood. While steel and glass are sturdy, wood stands out as the best choice for fire doors. Wood not only provides strength but also offers excellent insulation properties, helping to keep the heat at bay and protect people on the other side. Additionally, wood is environmentally friendly, making it a top choice for sustainable building materials. Wooden Fire doors are filled with silicate and cotton wool to make them fire-resistant for a long time. 

2. Self-Closing Action: This doors automatically close when there’s a fire. This helps keep fire and smoke contained in one area, so it doesn’t spread quickly. Panic bar plays a vital role in the effectiveness of wooden fire doors, as it facilitates an easy escape. Panic bars with fire doors are essential elements of fire safety in buildings.

3. Special Seals: Fire safety doors have intumescent seals around them that expand when they get hot. Maintenance and correct installation of doors is an important aspect of proper working of fire doors.  

4. Tested and Approved: Fire doors go through tough tests to make sure they really work. If they pass, they get a stamp of approval, so you know they’ll do their job when you need them most.

5. Meeting Safety Rules: Fire doors aren’t just good at stopping fires; they also help buildings follow safety rules. Building codes often require fire doors to be installed in specific places to keep everyone safe and meet regulations.

Difference between a normal door & fire door

Normal doors are not good for fire protection because they are usually lightweight. Their standard thickness is 35 mm, which is 10 mm smaller than a fire door. This means that they cannot withstand smoke and flames for a duration of 30 or 60 minutes.
Fire doors are not lightweight and these doors are made from different materials such as aluminum, glass, gypsum, timber, and sometimes steel. There are multiple methods for recognizing a fire door. Examining the door’s hinge side edge is the first and most obvious method. A metal identifying tag will be attached to every fire door. Even if this tag is occasionally painted over, it will always be identifiable as an identification tag.

Where are fire doors required?

Fire doors can be installed in different places such as commercial buildings, Industrial facilities, educational institutes, and healthcare facilities. 

Why Compliance Matters In Fire Doors

Compliance means following rules and regulations to make sure everything is safe and legal. When it comes to fire doors, compliance is crucial for a few reasons:

Keeping People Safe: Following fire safety rules ensures that fire door installation has been done correctly and does its job when there’s a fire. This helps protect everyone in the building, from residents to visitors. Insulated fire doors also protect properties by stopping with spread of fire.

Avoiding Penalties: Not following passive fire safety regulations can lead to fines or other penalties. By making sure fire rated doors comply with the rules, building owners can avoid these consequences.

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